Cat Breeds – S –
As the name suggests originated the breed in Scotland.
Discovered In 1961 Shepherd William Ross and his wife Mary in Tayside a cat with folded ears.
The white puss, Susie, lived on the neighboring farm of the family M.C. Rae.
Susie gave birth to Snooks, a white cat with the same folded ears.
Snooks was crossed with a British short hair, the result was the white Stud Snowball.
A new breed was created and was Folded Ear (folded ears), after the mutation that took care of the characteristic ears.
The dominant gene responsible for the folded ears made unfortunately also for serious abnormalities such as deformities of the limbs, tail and the joints.
The registration of the breed was therefore discontinued in 1973; it was the American geneticist Neil Todd who brought the breeding recovering.
He crossed the breed with the British Short-hair, the Exotic and the American short-hair to joint problems and deformities.
The C.F.A. and then recognized the breed the T.I.C.A. again.
The race quickly became popular in the United States, in 1980; the breed was also exported to Europe.
The breed remains quite rare in Europe.
By a cross with a press in the United States was born the long haired version, also called the Highland Fold, Scottish Fold Long Hair.
The intersection of a Rex and Scottish Fold did the ‘ poodle-cat ‘ occur, a cat with a curly coat and fold ears, this new breed has not yet recognized.
The body of the Scottish Fold is medium sized and muscular.
The legs are in good proportion to the body, this variety has been built, robust and evenly around.
He has a smooth tail, average of length.
The Scottish Fold has a short coat, the Highland Fold a semi-longhair coat.
Coat the Highland Fold requires some maintenance; he should definitely be brushed weekly.
During the moult, the woolly coat more often scoured to remove the excess hair.
All coat colors are allowed except chocolate, Lilac and the Siamese pattern.
The Scottish Fold has a round, convex forehead; the cheeks are rounded and may what full in adult males.
He has a nice rounded snout with a wide short nose, round whisker pads and a solid Chin.
The big round eyes have a color that must be in harmony with the coat color.
The breed has folded ears small forward who almost flat against the head, they are far apart with rounded tops.
The folded ears are only visible after 3 to 4 weeks and the degree of fold-over only after 5-6 weeks.
There are two different folds in the ears: the single and the double fold.
The ears should be cleaned gently every now and then, but have no more care than other cat breeds.
Selkirk Rex breed arose in 1987 from a shelter cat in Sheridan, Montana; one of her kittens had a curly coat.
Jeri Newman, a local Persians breeder, was asked about this by the asylum for its opinion apart looking pussy.
Jeri, who is interested in cat genetics, adopts the kitten and crosses this pussy (Miss DePesto of NoFace) with a press from her cattery.
On 4 July 1988, Miss DePesto of NoFace the proud mother of 6 kittens, 3 kittens had curls; the other 3 had smooth hair.
This 50% kitten with curly hair was exactly what you might expect of a dominant gene, by this fact was even more interested in this gene and Jeri started her breeding program and gave the breed its name.
Just as with the Devon Rex and Cornish Rex is the Selkirk Rex named after the place where this breed had its origin.
The dominant Selkirk Rex-gene causes the hair are arranged in loose separate curls (around the neck, on the tail and curls on the abdomen are the most obvious).
In the coat of the Selkirk are all hair types present, it is still a relatively young breed that is still in development.
Round broad head with strong jaws, full cheeks, a short, square snout.
The side a rounded forehead, a sloped at the nose bridge and a solid Chin with tight-fitting dentures.
The ears are medium sized, wide spaced with relatively pointy peaks.
The eyes are large, round, wide apart.
Short neck, solid body is semi- cobby, angular with a broad chest, straight back with a slightly ascending top line.
The cat by the solid bone structure is heavy.
Mediocre legs with solid bone structure, big round feet.
The tail is moderately long, thick at the base, slightly tapered end of line in a rounded point.
The Selkirk Rex has a full, plush-like, close-implanted soft coat.
The guard hairs are what can be with a stiffer, curly coat kittens born, but with 6 MOS disappear the curls from the coat and they go from 8 – 10 MOS again a curly coat; This is allowed up to an age of 2 years.
The Siamese are derived from to the country of origin and comes from the far East (present-day Thailand).
In the beginning of the 19the century made German biologist ‘ Pallas ‘ already mention the Siamese who lived in Central Asia.
In the old ‘ Siam ‘ was the race reserved for the Royal family and were closely held in the Royal Palace.
In 1884, Sir Owen Gould the British consul in Bangkok, however, in the possession of two Siamese.
Pho and Mia and in that same year, Auguste Pavie, a French diplomat in Bangkok two Siamese to France.
Siamese had at that time, the construction of the Siamese of nowadays.
They were a lot bigger of construction and the skull shape was quite around.
The first imports were seal point, but later these cats also spontaneously kittens were found in other colors, such as Blue point, Chocolate point and lilac point.
These 4 colors are the so-called ‘ classic colors ‘.
In the 1950s and 1960s began to breed Siamese in other colors.
The Siamese is an elegant, harmonious built animal with a long slender body, fine, long legs, oval feet and a long thin tail.
The long, wedge-shaped head is worn on a long, slender neck.
The cat makes a lively and intelligent impression.
He has a long, well-proportioned, wedge-shaped head, wide between the ears.
The lines of the wedge running without interruption to a fine muzzle.
Seen In profile is the nose line right and goes without interruption about in the rounded line of the forehead.
Sturdy Chin and tight fitting teeth, long slender neck.
The large pointed ears, are broad at the base, the ears put the lines of the wedge.
He has almond-shaped eyes, which obliquely placed, but not deep.
The third eyelid should not cover more than the extreme eyelid, the eye color is radiant monochrome deep blue.
The body is long and lean, well-muscled tube shaped with a sloping top line, because the hind legs longer than the front legs, the legs are long and slender with small oval feet.
They have a long whip tail, narrow at the base and tapered culminating in a fine point.
The coat is very short, fine, and shiny and smooth contiguous.
The point are located on the head as a mask, on the ears, legs, feet and tail.
The mask is connected with the ears; cross out all points have the same base color.
There must be a clear contrast between points and body color.
The Siberian cat is a centuries-old long-haired cat, according to some, the ancestor of all modern long haired cats, including the Turkish Angora and Persian Cat.
He is quite simply in northern Russia, among other near Saint Petersburg, even though that is not in Siberia.
Its dense coat protects him against the intense cold, sometimes also called the Siberian forest cat he is.
The cat that we now know as Siberian cat, with many Russians better known as Alley Cat, they walked everywhere to catch rats.
They lived there for a long time and still walk in the cities of Russia cats around those speaking on the Siberian cat seem.
Only since the Perestroika, there is more freedom, making interested humans with cats of this breed could breed, and has drawn up a standard (the first in 1989 by the PFS in St. Petersburg) and the Siberian cat to his world tour has started.
In that sense, it is so a young race, it exists as a group for centuries, however, cats with a reasonably fixed appearance and is repeatedly described and pictured in the literature.
A Siberian cat is not an elegant appearance; it’s rather a heavily built and sturdy muscular cat that actually nothing is extreme.
Everything gives a round impression, the head, feet, body piece.
The head is quite large relative to the body and has seen from above a rounded snout, the cheekbones are heavy put on.
Viewed from the side the nasal bridge with a tube running up to the vaulted brow, but there should be no stop to show up as for example at the press.
Also the Chin is completed but should not deviate too far forward; a stinging Chin is also undesirable.
The ears are medium sized and must meet the basic wide and deeply implanted.
There should definitely be 1 ear-wide between the ears and they should not have to stand upright, but as a kind of shell called a bit cant embedded.
In the ears should stand on the ears grow its plumes, preferably also hairs, called Lynx Tufts.
The eyes are large and open, light angled and rounded.
All colors are allowed, but grass green is the preferred and at the Siberian Color-point as deep as possible blue.
However, both eyes are colored the same color as evenly as possible within 1 and the eye.
The body is medium to large, with the legs forms a kind of rectangle, this means that the hips and the shoulders on a par with each other.
The chest of the Siberian cat is wide.
Medium long, powerful legs with round feet and between the toes clearly visible long hair, the so-called snow shoes.
The tail should not be too long, if you bump into him in progress (never bend over the back towards the shoulders!), the point to the shoulder blades.
At the beginning of the seventies found a prominent American breeder a colony strange looking cats in Singapore.
How they ended up on the streets, is not clear, although there is abundant evidence that the Singapura is long-standing.
Because of his wild nature was also known as “sewer-cat ‘ or ‘ River-cat ‘, the cat was even completed by the Singapore authorities.
Now has a Malaysian Government bombed the Singapura to national cat and renamed him Kuncinta; also called the love-cat.
The Singapura soon won the hearts of the European cats lovers and is on its way to becoming a real champion-breed.
The Singapura is small in stature (the smallest cat breed) but sturdy and muscular built.
They have large eyes and ears to hear and to make it easy, they come but officially registered in 1 color for: Sepia Agouti.
It is a cat with an opaque coat, at least double coverage and its point is dark brown, the under-coat, abdomen, chest and around the mouth are ivory colored.
The tail is not very long and has a rounded tail point, no whip tail so.
The coat is short, smooth coat and very soft feel.
The eye color should be a bright green or warm hazelnut to yellow; Blue is not allowed.
They also have a dark line marking to the eyes and also a dark line from the corner of the eye towards the nose, this last is in no way a tear stain.
The Singapura have a few red nose with a dark outer line continuous.
On the cheekbones is the shading is a light-brown just like above the heels at the hind legs.
This new breed was the result of the desire to the points of the Siamese and the Burmese in the gloved legs of 1 race.
In 1964, there in the USA at a litter of Siamese two kittens born with white feet.
The breeder, Dorothy Hinds, here is so impressed, that they want to set up the first Snowshoe line.
She also used Ragdoll’s and bi-coleus the white American short-hairs, inverted V on their nose to get.
In 1974 gets her first recognition of the breed A.C.A. (American Cat Association) where it is registered.
Over time, the interest way for this race, at that time there were only 4 cats registered.
Starting from 1 January 2004, the Snowshoe the champion status, hopefully this will be the popularity of the breed do well.
The head is medium sized, almost forming an equilateral triangle (u), with somewhat rounded contours, slightly flattened forehead.
High cheekbones, relatively broad snout, not too broad, not rush hour still square.
Straight nose with a slight curve near the forehead, firm Chin.
The ears are medium to large, wide at the base with slightly rounded tops, thinly hairy.
Eyes are rather large, oval; Walnut formation only slightly angled the color of the eyes: as deep blue as possible.
The body is built, semi balanced foreign, rectangular.
The abdomen is a bit higher than the shoulders, slightly bent.
Average developed bones, firmly but not solid muscular.
The legs are in relation to the rest of the body, bones and muscles developed on average.
They have medium-sized oval feet.
The length of the tail is relative to the rest of the body, moderate and wide at the base, narrower end towards the tip.
They have a short, thick, shiny hair, just very few adjacent coat and Undercoat.
The Sokoke is originally from the African country Kenya; this wild cat breed lived for decades in the Sokoke would before they were discovered.
The breed was named after the forest where his wild ancestors lived, brought in the forest the cats spend most of their time in the trees.
They feed themselves with small prey animals and insects.
The remarkable story of this special breed starts in the 70 ‘s, the gardener of a British couple that lived near the forest, noticed one day a strange cat in the garden.
The cat turned out to have a litter, the couple decided to have a male kitten and to adopt a pussy out of the nest and educate as house cats, kittens were soon got used to the homely life.
At a visit to the vet was the presumption of the couple, Jeni and David, confirmed: it turned out to be a particular cat breed to go that will typically be in the trees of Sokoke would live.
The cats were then known under the name Khadzonzo’s ‘ ‘ or the local White-fronted cats.
The vet said that he had undertaken several attempts to catch such a cat, but all without result.
The owner of the cat, Jeni Slater, decided to the cat breed to breed further with her own cats, the breeding of the breed was a success.
A friend of Jeni Slater, Gloria Moldrup called, brought to Denmark, two Sokoke-kittens later they settled cats imported to Europe from 1980.
All her cats were from the cattery of Jeni Slater, Gloria Moldrup started a breeding programed together with other breeders to further expand the Sokoke breed.
The breed was recognized In 1983 under the name ‘ African short hair cat ‘, it then went to an experimental cat breed, the breed was officially recognized in Denmark in 1992 and got its official name and the Sokoke breed standard.
In 1993, the breed was recognized also by the F.I.FE, the breed is still very rare.
The Sokoke has a medium body and long, slender legs, the body and the legs are well muscled.
He has a well-developed chest and a medium-length tail that wide start at the base and narrower opening out onto the point.
The front legs of the Sokoke are shorter than the hind legs; the feet are oval in shape.
The Sokoke has a small head in proportion with the rest of his body; the head is wedge-shaped with a straight nose and a solid Chin.
His ears are medium sized with a rounded tip; Lynx tips on the ears are desired.
The eyes are far apart and are almond shaped; the breed has amber to light green eyes.
The Sokoke features a short glossy coat that lies flat against the body, he has little to no Undercoat.
The Sokoke has little coat care, brushing once a week is sufficient.
The coat color is black with a grey or golden brown, the back-color Sokoke has marbled pattern, blotched tabby called.
The variations exist in this brown tabby blotched (classic tabby and marbled tabby), this is a marbled tabby with a brown or black markings on a agouti surface.
The tail point is always black. Come on alternating light and dark bands for every hair.
Since long appear in nests of Abyssinian, (formerly a heavier type than is currently the case), kittens with soft half-long hair.
The breeders regarded these kittens as failures and they were not used for further breeding.
The gene responsible for the half-long hair would by crosses between Abyssinian’s and long haired cats (Persians or Angora).
It is only in the 60’s, in Canada, that the breeders Don Richings, Mary Mailing and the judge Ken McGill went for these new cats are interesting.
In 1967, the American breeder Evelyn Maguey in there the SLH property to fixate at the Abyssinian, this new variety was called, referring to the Ethiopian Somali neighbor where probably the cradle of the Abyssinian.
E. Mague founded the cattery Lynn Lee’s and the first breed club in the United States; they showed off the first Somali in 1972, the C.F.A. recognized in 1978 the breed.
Lynn Lee’s Picasso and Lynn Lee’s Pearl, two Soma lies coming from the cattery came in 1979 in France by e. Mague.
The F.I.FE recognized the breed in 1982; this breed is by an ever widening audience very honored.
Briefly described the Somali is a Abyssinian with medium length hair, it’s an elegant, muscular cat.
He is slim, of average size and is high on the legs.
He has a beautiful full tail and is often compared to a Fox, the tail is the jewel of the Somali, a full collar and pants complete the picture.
The Somali is a slender, solidly built, yet elegant cat with a broad, wedge-shaped head.
He has bright, alert eyes that made him an intelligent but also an opinionated expression.
In proportion with the head has the Somali large ears, preferably with Tufts on the ears (unfortunately this is just a small part of the Soma Li’s case).
From the back of the head, to the tip of the tail over the back runs a stripe in the genetic color (black at the wild color), this is also known as the dorsal stripe.
On the lower part of the back of the hind legs would also have to walk a line, where by one has to get the impression that the Somali have socks (also called boots).
Unfortunately, it happens more often that the dorsal stripe and the boots of the Somali not or hardly still present, cause of this is that one has been spent years undesirable stripes on the legs and around the neck road to breed.
The boots and the dorsal stripe are also stripes and stripes together with the unwanted are disappearing.
The beautiful silky coat of the Somali is characterized by ticking (also called agouti), this means that each hair, aside from the Chin, throat, belly side and the tip of the tail, a dark point and one or two rings in the same color.
For a wild color, this means a black hair point, then a Ruddy color, followed by a black belt and a warm apricot color.
By the longer coat it can sometimes happen that the ticking what.
The Somali is in different color varieties.
The base color is wild color, in addition we have chocolate, Sorrel, blue, Fawn and Lilac.
The genetically red and cream Soma Li’s and totties are hardly for derived therefrom.
All these colors, you can also come across in combination with silver, these “Zacharias” are strongly represented at the Somali.
The Sphinx is a hairless cat that over the whole body downy hairs.
On the ears, muzzle and tail should this lanugo hair a bit longer, they occur in all color combinations, both spotted as solid.
The more wrinkles the Sphinx has, the better they are found, especially on the head should the sheet so lined as possible.
The body temperature is a bit higher, than a cat with a fur; the skin feels soft and warm to the touch, really a peach skin.
Sphinxes are smaller than the average house cat; they also seem smaller because they don’t have fur.
The eyes may have every color; lemon-shaped is the most desired eye shape.
The distance between the eyes should be just slightly more than the width of one eye, the muzzle should be slightly longer than wide.
The ears are can’t put on the Cup, the tail is usually in a little scroll to bump as they sit.
At the first sights of a Sphinx are you away from immediately or you may find nothing about it.
Once you know them better, you’ll discover that this breed has a tad more than the average cat.
Sphinxes are carrier of a recessive gene that causes , hairless if the cat is a carrier of two of these genes, he is bald.
If he is a carrier of but 1 gene, he has the hereditary characteristics of hairless , but shows the external features not, these cats are called Sphinx-hybrids.
The head of the Sphinx is medium sized, angular, triangular, and slightly longer than wide, flat forehead.
Excellent cheekbones, short nose with pronounced stop or slight stop, very rounded wide and short muzzle, firm Chin, some short whiskers or absence of whiskers.
The ears are very large, very broad at the base, the inside is completely bald.
At the Sphinx is a fine down feather allowed on the outside of the outer ear.
The eyes are large, lemon-shaped, the outer corner to the ear is focused, and the Sphinx has far apart standing ears, color in harmony with that of the coat.
The body is medium sized, very broad chest, barrel-shaped, firm rounded abdomen, fine to moderately developed bones, nicely muscled.
The leg length of the Sphinx is relative to the rest of the body, the front legs are slightly bent and slightly shorter than the hind legs.
Moderately developed bones, firm and well developed muscles, medium-sized, oval-shaped feet with long toes and very thick foot pads.
The tail is medium long, fine, a whip tail, also called rat tail called a hair tuft on the end can be present (Lions tail).
The Sphinx has a seemingly naked skin whose structure to doeskin.
Wrinkled skin on the head, the body and the legs, the skin is stretched elsewhere.
The coat is limited to a fine down feather on almost the entire body, some hairs can be found on the snout, feet, tail and the testicles, and the name ‘naked-cat’ is in fact incorrect.
All colors and markings at the Sphinx are recognized, the White appears pink and the black rather dark gray.